Appraisal of Pheromone bioassays


It is not easy to devise bioassays to determine the function of the components of the Nasonov pheromone when they probably interact in a complex way and perhaps have different functions in different behavioural situations. It is possible that some components are especially effective in stimulating alight- ing. Nearly all …

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Pheromone Bioassay: foraging


When tested singly (E)-citral, (Z)-citral, geraniol, nerolic acid and geranic acid induced the bees to release Nasonov pheromone in the tunnel, and mixtures lacking only one of these components stimulated pheromone release less effecively. In contrast to the other components, (E,E)-farnesol and nerol did not encourage Nasonov exposure when tested …

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